Gout Foods to Avoid List

avoiding foods with gout

Are you suffering from gout and looking for ways to manage your condition?

This article will guide you through the foods to avoid in order to prevent gout attacks. By understanding the high-purine foods, such as organ meats and shellfish, that can trigger flare-ups, you can make informed choices about your diet.

Say goodbye to alcohol and sugary beverages, as they can also aggravate gout symptoms.

Stay informed and take control of your health with this evidence-based list of foods to avoid.

High-Purine Foods

If you have gout, you should avoid consuming high-purine foods to help manage your condition. High-purine foods can increase the levels of uric acid in your body, which can lead to gout attacks and joint inflammation. By making diet modifications and choosing low purine alternatives, you can reduce the risk of gout flare-ups and improve your overall well-being.

One of the main dietary changes you can make is to limit your intake of organ meats such as liver, kidney, and sweetbreads. These foods are particularly high in purines and can significantly raise uric acid levels. Instead, opt for lean meats like chicken, turkey, and fish, which are lower in purines.

Another food group to watch out for is seafood, especially shellfish like shrimp, lobster, and crab. These are also high in purines and can trigger gout attacks. As an alternative, you can choose low-purine seafood options such as salmon, trout, and tuna.

Furthermore, it's important to reduce or avoid high-fructose corn syrup and sugary drinks, as they've been linked to an increased risk of gout. Instead, hydrate yourself with plenty of water and consume fruits that are low in fructose, such as berries and melons.

Organ Meats

To manage your gout and reduce the risk of flare-ups, limit your consumption of high-purine organ meats such as liver, kidney, and sweetbreads. These organ meats are known to be particularly high in purines, which are substances that break down into uric acid in the body. Uric acid is a waste product that can accumulate in the joints and lead to gout symptoms.

Dietary modifications are an important aspect of gout management, and avoiding or reducing the intake of organ meats can be beneficial. Instead of relying solely on organ meats for protein, it's recommended to explore alternative protein sources that are lower in purines.

There are several alternative protein sources that can be incorporated into your diet. These include lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and fish, which are generally lower in purines compared to organ meats. Plant-based protein sources like beans, lentils, and tofu are also great options. These alternatives not only provide protein but also offer various other nutrients that are beneficial for overall health.


Continuing with the discussion on gout-friendly foods, it is important to limit your consumption of high-purine shellfish to help manage your condition and reduce the risk of gout flare-ups. While shellfish can be a delicious addition to meals, they tend to be high in purines, which can lead to increased uric acid levels in the body. This can trigger gout attacks and worsen symptoms for those with the condition.

To help you make informed choices, here is a table highlighting the purine content in common shellfish:

ShellfishPurine Content (per 100g)
Lobster157 mg
Shrimp143 mg
Crab123 mg
Mussels97 mg

It is worth noting that shellfish allergies are also relatively common. If you have a known allergy to shellfish, it is crucial to avoid consuming them altogether, as an allergic reaction can have severe consequences.

When it comes to cooking shellfish, it is recommended to choose healthier cooking methods such as boiling, steaming, or grilling, rather than frying. These methods help retain the natural flavors of the shellfish without adding excessive fats and oils, which can contribute to gout flare-ups.


Limit your consumption of alcohol to help manage your gout condition and reduce the risk of flare-ups. Alcohol consumption can increase the levels of uric acid in your blood, which is the primary cause of gout. When you consume alcohol, your body prioritizes metabolizing it over excreting uric acid, leading to an accumulation in your bloodstream. This can trigger gout attacks and worsen the symptoms.

Certain types of alcohol pose higher risks for gout sufferers. Beer is particularly troublesome due to its high purine content, which is converted into uric acid when broken down by the body. Spirits like whiskey and vodka have a lower purine content, but they can still contribute to increased uric acid levels if consumed excessively. Additionally, alcohol can cause dehydration, another risk factor for gout flare-ups.

If you enjoy an occasional drink, it's recommended to limit your alcohol intake and choose substitutes that are less likely to trigger gout attacks. Consider opting for low-purine alcoholic beverages such as wine, which has been associated with a lower risk of gout. Alternatively, you can explore alcohol-free options like mocktails or herbal teas to satisfy your cravings without exacerbating your gout symptoms.

Sugary Beverages

Cut back on sugary beverages to help manage your gout condition and reduce the risk of flare-ups. Consuming sugary beverages can have a negative impact on your overall health, especially if you have gout. Here are some reasons why you should consider cutting back on sugary beverages:

  • Increased Uric Acid Levels: Sugary beverages, such as soda and fruit juices, contain high amounts of fructose. Fructose can increase uric acid levels in the body, which can trigger gout flare-ups.
  • Weight Gain: Sugary beverages are high in calories and can contribute to weight gain. Being overweight or obese increases the risk of gout and can worsen symptoms.
  • Dehydration: Some sugary beverages, like soda and energy drinks, can dehydrate the body. Dehydration can lead to the crystallization of uric acid, increasing the likelihood of gout attacks.
  • Inflammation: Sugary beverages are often linked to inflammation in the body. Inflammation can exacerbate gout symptoms and increase the risk of flare-ups.

Instead of sugary beverages, opt for healthier alternatives such as:

  • Water: Staying hydrated with water is essential for managing gout and preventing flare-ups.
  • Herbal Tea: Herbal teas, such as green tea or chamomile tea, are hydrating and can help reduce inflammation.
  • Infused Water: Add slices of citrus fruits, berries, or cucumber to your water for a refreshing and flavorful alternative to sugary drinks.
  • Sparkling Water: If you crave the fizzy sensation of soda, try sparkling water with a squeeze of lemon or lime for a healthier option.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Stress Trigger a Gout Flare-Up?

Yes, stress can trigger a gout flare-up. It's important to manage stress through techniques like exercise or meditation. Alcohol can also impact gout flare-ups, so it's best to limit or avoid it.

Are There Any Fruits That Should Be Avoided in a Gout-Friendly Diet?

When following a gout-friendly diet, it's important to be mindful of the fruits you consume. While some fruits may aggravate gout symptoms, others are safe and can be enjoyed in moderation. Similarly, there are protein sources that are considered gout safe.

Is It Safe to Consume Low-Fat Dairy Products if I Have Gout?

Yes, it is safe for you to consume low-fat dairy products if you have gout. In fact, they can be beneficial as part of a gout-friendly diet. However, it's important to consider other factors and consult with your doctor.

What Are Some Alternative Sources of Protein for Individuals With Gout?

If you have gout, there are vegetarian protein options that are gout friendly. Some good sources include legumes, such as lentils and chickpeas, as well as tofu, tempeh, and quinoa.

Can Drinking Coffee Worsen Gout Symptoms?

Drinking coffee can potentially worsen gout symptoms. Some studies suggest that caffeine may increase uric acid levels and contribute to gout flare-ups. It is important to monitor your caffeine intake and manage stress to reduce the risk.


In conclusion, if you have gout, it's important to avoid high-purine foods such as organ meats and shellfish, as well as alcohol and sugary beverages. These foods can increase uric acid levels in the body and trigger gout attacks.

By making careful choices in your diet, you can help manage your symptoms and reduce the frequency of flare-ups. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized dietary recommendations.